ENV model

Element_Name-of-feature_Value-of-feature model that allows describing any element or system through its traits. For instance:

  • What is it that looks like a ball,
  • But stands still and does not fall
  • Off its thin and graceful legs?
  • Children like to turn it round,
  • Rivers, mountains, lakes are found,
  • Countries, states and their towns
  • Can be seen all around

In bold we can collect features of an element. As result of this gathering one can recognize what it is (globe) [Khomenko, 2001]. ENV model allows, without a specific name, to describe and identify any element of material and non-material realms.

Context: OTSM-TRIZ


An expert is a person who is very skilled at doing something or who knows a lot about a particular subject. (specialist) [Collins Cobuild Dictionary]

Experts are widely recognized as a reliable source of technique or skill whose faculty for judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely is accorded authority and status by their peers or the public in a specific well-distinguished domain. [adopted from wikipedia] In the context of the FORMAT methodology, experts are referred as the people in the company having specialistic skills and competences about a certain technology.

Context: Knowledge management

Evaluation metrics

Qualitative or quantitative indicators to assess the usefulness of the forecast, the benefit-to-effort ratio, an opinion about the representation of the results, etc. The metrics are organized in three levels, to be able to evaluate the FORMAT methodology from the viewpoint of:

The beneficiaries of the Technology Forecast:

The person(s) to whom a Technology Forecast may be beneficial, e.g. by supporting them in decision-making, by helping them gain knowledge on a technological system… The beneficiaries are mainly the “end-users” of the forecast, usually the people in the company that are involved in decision-making.

The users of the Technology Forecast:

The person(s) who are using results of or Technology Forecast study in practice. For instance, Users consider results of forecast when developing new technologies or preparing specifications for new equipment acquisition.

The analyst = the user of the FORMAT methodology:

The person(s) that follows the stage-gate FORMAT methodology to prepare and execute a Technology Forecast, using the indicated methods in each stage to get a required output for each gate. Using the methodology includes data and information collection, analysis, synthesis, and the formulation of the presentation and report of the results.

The builders of the FORMAT methodology:

The FORMAT researchers, who selected the methods in and carried out the testing of the FORMAT methodology, who can describe the methods in terms of needed efforts and expertise.

Context: FORMAT methodology